School of Forest Resources & Conservation

Katherine C. Ewel
Publications

 

My major publications are listed below under activity categories, with more recent activities listed first:

Animals in tropical wetlands
Freshwater peatlands in tropical coastal landscapes
Mangrove forests
Ecosystem services provided by wetlands
Ecology and management of southeastern US wetlands
Florida lakes and biological control of aquatic vegetation
Water quality improvement by wetlands
Terrestrial forests and watersheds
Models in education

 

Animals in tropical wetlands

Benstead, J.P., J.G. March, C.M. Pringle, K.C. Ewel, and J.W. Short. 2009. Biodiversity and ecosystem function in species-poor communities: community structure and leaf litter breakdown in a Pacific island stream. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. (in press).

Ewel, K. C., S. Rowe, B. McNaughton, and K. M. Bonine. 2009. Characteristics of Scylla  spp. (Decapoda: Portunidae) and their mangrove forest habitat in Ngaremeduu Bay, Republic of Palau. Pacific Science 63: 15-26.

Bonine, K. M., E. P. Bjorkstedt, K. C. Ewel, and M. Palik. 2008. Population characteristics of the mangrove crab Scylla serrata in Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia: effects of harvest and implications for management. Pacific Science 62: 1-19.

Demopoulos, A.W.J., N. Cormier, K.C. Ewel, and B. Fry. 2008. Use of multiple chemical tracers to define habitat use of Indo-Pacific mangrove crab, Scylla serrata (Decapoda: Portunidae). Estuaries and Coasts 31: 371-381.

Ewel, K.C. 2008. Mangrove crab populations may sometimes be best managed locally. Journal of Sea Research 59: 114-120.

Benstead, J.P., J.G. March, B. Fry, K.C. Ewel, and C.M. Pringle. 2006. Testing IsoSource: stable isotope analysis of a tropical fishery with diverse organic matter sources. Ecology 87: 326-333.

Fry, B. and K. C. Ewel. 2003. Using stable isotopes in mangrove fisheries research - a review and outlook. Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies 39: 191-196.

Ewel, K.C. 2001. Natural resource management: the need for interdisciplinary collaboration. Ecosystems 4: 716-722.

Freshwater peatlands in tropical coastal landscapes

Ewel, K.C. 2009. Appreciating tropical coastal wetlands from a landscape perspective. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment

Allen, J.A., K.W. Krauss, K.C. Ewel, B.D. Keeland, and E.E. Waguk. 2005. A tropical freshwater wetland: I. Structure, growth, and regeneration. Wetlands Ecology and Management 13: 657-669.

Chimner, R.A. and K.C. Ewel. 2005. A tropical freshwater wetland: II. Production, decomposition, and peat formation. Wetlands Ecology and Mangement 13: 671-684..

Drew, W.M., K.C. Ewel, R.L. Naylor, and A. Sigrah. 2005. A tropical freshwater wetland: III. Direct use values and other goods and services. Wetlands Ecology and Management 13: 685-693.

Chimner, R. A. and K. C. Ewel. 2004. Differences in carbon fluxes between forested and cultivated Micronesian tropical peatlands. Wetlands Ecology and Management 12: 419-427.

Drexler, J.Z. and K.C. Ewel. 2001. Effects of ENSO-related drought on hydrology and salinity in a Micronesian wetland complex. Estuaries 24: 347-356

Mangrove forests

Ewel, KC. 2010. Bringing science to remote communities. Society of Wetland Scientists Research Brief 2010-2001. 4 p.

Krauss, K.W., D.R. Cahoon, J.A. Allen, K.C. Ewel, J.C. Lynch, and N. Cormier. 2010. Surface elevation change and susceptibility of different mangrove zones to sea-level rise on Pacific high islands of Micronesia. Ecosystems 13: 129-143.

Hauff, R. D., K. C. Ewel, and J. Jack. 2006. Tracking human disturbance in mangroves: estimating harvest rates on a Micronesian island. Wetlands Ecology and Management  14: 95-105.

Krauss, K.W., B.D. Keeland, J.A. Allen, K.C. Ewel, and D.J. Johnson. 2006. Effects of season, rainfall, and hydrogeomorphic setting on mangrove tree growth in Micronesia. Biotropica 39: 161-170.

Ewel, K.C., R.D. Hauff, and T.G. Cole. 2003. Analyzing mangrove forest structure and species distribution on a Pacific island. Phytocoenologia 33: 251-266.

Gleason, S.M., K.C. Ewel, and N. V. Hue. 2003. Soil redox conditions and plant-soil relationships in a Micronesian mangrove forest. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 56: 1065-1074.

Pinzón, Z.S., K.C. Ewel, and F.E. Putz. 2003. Gap formation and seedling regeneration in mangrove forests in Micronesia. Journal of Tropical Ecology 19: 143-153.

Gleason, S.M. and K.C. Ewel. 2002. Organic matter dynamics on the forest floor of a Micronesian mangrove forest: an investigation of species composition shifts. Biotropica 34: 190-198.

Naylor, R.L., K.M. Bonine, K.C. Ewel, and E.E. Waguk. 2002. Migration, markets, and mangrove resource use on Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia. Ambio 31:340-350.

Allen, J.A., K.C. Ewel, and J. Jack. 2001. Patterns of natural and anthropogenic disturbance of the           mangroves on the Pacific Island of Kosrae. Wetlands Ecology and Management 9: 279-289.

[Drexler and Ewel. 2001. Listed under Freshwater peatlands in tropical coastal landscapes]

Allen, J.A., K.C. Ewel, B.D. Keeland, T. Tara, and T.J. Smith, III. 2000. Downed wood in Micronesian mangrove forests. Wetlands 20: 169-176.

Cole, T.G., K.C. Ewel, and N.N. Devoe. 1999. Structure of mangrove trees and forests in Micronesia. Forest Ecology and Management 117: 95‑109.

Ewel, K. C. and E. E. Waguk. 1999. Understanding and managing mangrove forests in Kosrae, FSM. pp. 58‑63 In H. T. Tang, S. Bulai, and B. Masianini. Proceedings of Heads of Forestry Meeting, RAS/97/330, Field Document No. 1, Pacific Islands Forests and Trees Support Programme, Suva, Fiji.

Steele, O.C., K.C. Ewel, and G. Goldstein. 1999. The importance of propagule predation in a forest of non-indigenous mangrove trees. Wetlands 19: 705-708.

Ewel, K.C., J.A. Bourgeois, T.G. Cole, and S. Zheng. 1998. Variation in environmental characteristics and vegetation in high-rainfall mangrove swamps in Kosrae, Micronesia. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters 7: 49-56.

Ewel, K.C., R.R. Twilley, and J.E. Ong. 1998. Different kinds of mangrove forests provide different goods and services. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters 7: 83-94.

Ewel, K.C., S. Zheng, Z. Pinzón, and J.A. Bourgeois. 1998. Environmental effects of canopy gap formation in high-rainfall mangrove swamps. Biotropica 30: 510-518.

 

Ecosystem services provided by wetlands

Ewel, K.C. 2009. How do wetlands fail? pp. 629-642 IN E. Maltby (ed.). The Wetlands Handbook. Blackwell’s Publ. Co.

Covich, A.P., K. C. Ewel, R.O. Hall, P. G. Giller, W. Goedkoop, and D. M. Merritt. 2004. Ecosystem services provided by freshwater benthos. pp. 45- 72 IN D.H. Wall (ed.). Sustaining biodiversity and ecosystem services in soils and sediments. SCOPE Series, vol. 64. Island Press, Washington, DC.

Giller, P. S., A. P. Covich, K.C. Ewel, R.O.Hall, and D.Merritt. 2004. Vulnerability and management of ecological services in freshwater systems. pp. 137-159 IN D.H. Wall (ed.). Sustaining biodiversity and ecosystem services in soils and sediments. SCOPE Series, vol. 64. Island Press, Washington, DC.

Ewel, K.C., C. Cressa, R.T. Kneib, P.S. Lake, L.A. Levin, M.A. Palmer, P. Snelgrove, and D.H. Wall. 2001. Managing critical transition zones. Ecosystems 4: 452-460.

Levin, L.A., D.F. Boesch, A. Covich, C. Dahm, C. Erséus, K.C. Ewel, R.T. Kneib, A. Moldenke, M. Palmer, P. Snelgrove, D. Strayer, and J.M. Weslawski. 2001. The function of marine critical transition zones and the importance of sediment biodiversity. Ecosystems 4: 430-451.

[Ewel et al. 1998. Listed under Mangrove forests]

Ewel, K.C. 1997. Water quality improvement by wetlands. pp. 329-344 In G. Daily (ed.). Nature’s services: societal dependence on natural ecosystems. Island Press, Washington DC.

Ewel, K.C. 1991. Diversity in wetlands. Evolutionary Trends in Plants 5:90-92.

Ewel, K.C. 1990. Multiple demands on wetlands. BioScience 40:660-666.

 

Ecology and management of southeastern US wetlands

Casey, W.P. and K.C. Ewel. 2006. Patterns of succession in forested depressional wetlands in north Florida. Wetlands 26: 147-160.

Williams, K., K.C. Ewel, R.P. Stumpf, F.E. Putz, and T.W. Workman. 1999. Sea-level rise and coastal forest retreat on the west coast of Florida, USA. Ecology 80: 2045-2063.

Casey, W.P. and K.C. Ewel. 1998. Soil redox potential in small pondcypress swamps after harvesting. Forest Ecology and Management 112:281‑287.

Ewel, K.C. 1998. Pondcypress swamps. pp. 405-420 In M. G. Messina and W. H. Conner (eds.). Southern forested wetlands: ecology and management. CRC Press, Boca Raton FL.

Leslie, A.J., T.L. Crisman, J.P. Prenger, and K.C. Ewel. 1997. Benthic macroinvertebrates of small Florida cypress ponds and the influence of dry periods. Wetlands 17:447-455.

Leslie, A.J., T.L. Crisman, J.P. Prenger, and K.C. Ewel. 1997. Benthic macroinvertebrates of small Florida cypress ponds and the influence of dry periods. Wetlands 17:447-455.

Ewel, K.C. 1996. Sprouting by pondcypress (Taxodium distichum var. nutans) after logging. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 20:209-213.

Ewel, K.C. 1996. Sprouting by pondcypress (Taxodium distichum var. nutans) after logging. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 20:209-213.

Ewel, K.C. 1995. Fire in cypress swamps in the southeastern United States. pp. 111-116 In S. I. Cerulean and R. T. Engstrom (eds.) Fire in wetlands: a management perspective. Proceedings of the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference No. 19. Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee FL.

Cook, S. and K.C. Ewel. 1992. Regeneration in burned cypress swamps. Florida Scientist 55:62-64.

Ewel, K.C. and H.T. Davis. 1992. Response of pondcypress (Taxodium distichum var. nutans) to thinning. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 16:175-177.

Ewel, K.C. and J.E. Smith. 1992. Evapotranspiration from Florida pondcypress swamps. Water Resources Bulletin 28:299-304.

Ewel, K.C. 1990. Swamps. pp. 281-323 In R.L. Myers and J.J. Ewel (eds.). Ecosystems of Florida. University Presses of Florida, Gainesville.

Ewel, K.C., H.T. Davis, and J.E. Smith. 1989. Recovery of Florida cypress swamps from clearcutting. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 13:123-126.

Brandt, K. and K.C. Ewel. 1989. Ecology and management of cypress swamps. University of Florida Extension Bulletin 252. 21p.

Ewel, K.C., H.T. Davis, and J.E. Smith. 1989. Recovery of Florida cypress swamps from clearcutting. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 13:123-126.

Ewel, K.C. 1988. Florida's freshwater swamps: Ecological relationships and management issues. ENFO 88-1:1-4,7-9.

Ewel, K.C. and L.P. Wickenheiser. 1988. Effect of swamp size on growth rates of cypress (Taxodium distichum) trees. American Midland Naturalist 120:362-370.

Ewel, K.C. and S. Atmosoedirdjo. 1987. Flower and fruit production in three north Florida ecosystems. Florida Scientist 50:216-222.

Terwilliger, V.J. and K.C. Ewel. 1986. Regeneration and growth after logging in Florida cypress domes. Forest Science 32:493-506.

Terwilliger, V.J. and K.C. Ewel. 1986. Regeneration and growth after logging in Florida cypress domes. Forest Science 32:493-506.

Ewel, K.C. and L.A. Parendes. 1984. Usefulness of annual growth rings of cypress trees    (Taxodium distichum) for impact analysis. Tree-Ring Bulletin 44:39-43.     

Marois, K.C. and K.C. Ewel. 1983. Natural and management-related variation in cypress domes. Forest Science 29:627-640.

Marois, K.C. and K.C. Ewel. 1983. Natural and management-related variation in cypress domes. Forest Science 29:627-640.

Nessel, J.K., K.C. Ewel, and M.S. Burnett. 1982. Wastewater enrichment increases mature pondcypress growth rates. Forest Science 28:414-417.

Portier, K.M. and K.C. Ewel. 1981. Confidence bands for a regression-based, non-linear decomposition model. Ecological Modelling 14:125-132.

Mitsch, W.J. and K.C. Ewel. 1979. Comparative biomass and growth of cypress in Florida wetlands. American Midland Naturalist 101:417-426.

Mitsch, W.J. and K.C. Ewel. 1979. Comparative biomass and growth of cypress in Florida wetlands. American Midland Naturalist 101:417-426.

Ewel, K.C. and W.J. Mitsch. 1978. The effects of fire on species composition in cypress dome ecosystems. Florida Scientist 41:25-31.

 

Florida lakes and biological control of aquatic vegetation

Lomolino, M.V. and K.C. Ewel. 1984. Digestive efficiencies of the West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus). Florida Scientist 47:176-179

Ewel, K.C. and T.D. Fontaine III. 1983. Structure and function of a warm monomictic lake. Ecological Modelling 19:139-161.

Ewel, K.C. and T.D. Fontaine III. 1982. Effects of white amur (Ctenopharyngodon idella) on a Florida lake: A model. Ecological Modelling 16:251-273.

Fontaine, T.D. III and K.C. Ewel. 1981. Metabolism of a Florida lake ecosystem. Limnology and Oceanography 26:754-763. 

Ewel, K.C., L. Braat, and M.L. Stevens. 1975. Use of models for evaluating aquatic weed control strategies. Hyacinth Control Journal 13:34-39.             

Ewel, K.C. 1979. Riparian ecosystems: conservation of their unique characteristics. pp. 56-62. In: R.R. Johnson and J.F. McCormick (eds.). Strategies for protection and management of floodplain wetlands and other riparian ecosystems. USDA Forest Service GTR-WO-12.

 

Water quality improvement by wetlands

[Ewel 1997. Listed under Ecosystem services provided by wetlands]
 
Ewel, K.C. 1991. Ecosystem experiments in wetlands. pp. 181-191 In H.A. Mooney, E. Medina, D.W. Schindler, E.-D. Schulze and B.H. Walker (eds.). Ecosystem experiments. SCOPE 45. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., London.

Ewel, K.C. 1988. The use of wetlands for wastewater treatment. Water Quality Bulletin 13:21-25, 32.

Ewel, K.C. 1985. Responses of wetlands and neighboring ecosystems to wastewater. pp. 435-438 In P.J. Godfrey, E.R. Kaynor, S. Pelczarski, and J. Benforado (eds.). Ecological considerations on wetlands treatment of municipal wastewater. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co, New York NY.     
 
Deghi, G.S. and K.C. Ewel. 1984. Phosphorus cycling in cypress domes. pp. 102-118. In K.C. Ewel and H.T. Odum (eds.). Cypress swamps. University Presses of Florida, Gainesville FL.

Dierberg, F.E. and K.C. Ewel. 1984. Effects of sewage recycling on decomposition and organic matter accumulation in cypress domes. pp. 164-170. In K.C. Ewel and H.T. Odum (eds.). Cypress swamps. University Presses of Florida, Gainesville FL.

Ewel, K.C. 1984. Effects of fire and sewage on understory vegetation in cypress domes. pp. 119-126. In K.C. Ewel and H.T. Odum (eds.). Cypress swamps. University Presses of Florida, Gainesville FL.

Ewel, K.C. and H.T. Odum (eds.). 1984. Cypress swamps. University Presses of Florida, Gainesville FL. 472 p.

Lemlich, S.K. and K.C. Ewel. 1984. Effects of wastewater disposal on growth rates of cypress trees. Journal of Environmental Quality 13:602-604.

Richardson, J., P.A. Straub, K.C. Ewel, and H.T. Odum. 1983. Sulfate-enriched water effects on a floodplain forest in Florida. Environmental Management 7:321-326.

Nessel, J.K., K.C. Ewel, and M.S. Burnett. 1982. Wastewater enrichment increases mature pondcypress growth rates. Forest Science 28:414-417.

Tuschall, J.R., P.L. Brezonik, and K.C. Ewel. 1981. Tertiary treatment of wastewater using flow-through wetland systems. pp. 558-565. In F.M. Saunders (ed.). 1981 National Conference on Environmental Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York NY.

Vega, A. and K.C. Ewel. 1981. Wastewater effects on a waterhyacinth marsh and an adjacent impoundment. Environmental Management 5:537-541.

Deghi, G.S., K.C. Ewel and W.J. Mitsch. 1980. Effects of sewage effluent application on litter fall and litter decomposition in cypress swamps. Journal of Applied Ecology 17:397-408.

Ewel, K.C. and H.T. Odum. 1979. Cypress domes: Nature's tertiary treatment filter. pp. 103-114 In: W.E. Sopper and S.N. Kerr (eds.). Utilization of municipal sewage effluent and sludge on forest and disturbed lands. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park PA.

Ewel, K.C. and H.T. Odum. 1978. Cypress swamps for nutrient removal and wastewater recycling. pp. 181-198. In: M.P. Wanielista and W.W. Eckenfelder, Jr. (eds.). Advances in water and wastewater treatment: Biological nutrient removal. Ann Arbor Science Publishers Inc., Ann Arbor MI.

Odum, H.T., K.C. Ewel, W.J. Mitsch, and J. Ordway. 1977. Recycling treated sewage through cypress wetlands in Florida. pp. 35-67 In F.M. D'Itri (ed). Wastewater renovation and reuse. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York. Also available as Occasional Publication 1 (1975). Center for Wetlands, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville FL.

Ewel, K.C. 1976. Effects of sewage effluent on ecosystem dynamics in cypress domes. p. 169-195 In D.L. Tilton, R.H. Kadlec, and C.J. Richardson (eds.). Freshwater wetlands and sewage effluent disposal. School of Natural Resources, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor MI.

 

Terrestrial forests and watersheds

Ewel and Gholz 1991. A Simulation Model of the Role of Belowground Dynamics in a Florida Pine Plantation. Forest Science 37:397-438.

Knight, D.H., J. Vose, V.C. Baldwin, K.C. Ewel and K. Grodzinska. 1994. Contrasting patterns in pine forest ecosystems. In H.L. Gholz, S. Linder, and R. E. McMurtrie (eds.) Environmental constraints on the structure and productivity of pine forest ecosystems: A comparative analysis. Ecological Bulletins (Copenhagen) 43: 9-19.

Ewel, K.C. and H.L. Gholz. 1991. A simulation model of the role of belowground dynamics in a Florida pine plantation. Forest Science 37:397-438.

Gholz, H.L., S.A. Vogel, W.P. Cropper, Jr., K. McKelvey, K.C. Ewel, R.O. Teskey, and P.J. Curran. 1991. Dynamics of canopy structure and light interception in Pinus elliottii stands of North Florida. Ecological Monographs 61:33-51.

Gholz, H.L., K.C. Ewel, and R.O. Teskey. 1990. Water and forest productivity. Forest Ecology and Management 30:1-18.

Ewel, K.C., W.P. Cropper, Jr., and H.L. Gholz. 1987. Soil CO2 evolution in Florida slash pine plantations. I. Changes through time. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 17:325-329.

Ewel, K.C., W. P. Cropper, Jr., and H.L. Gholz. 1987. Soil CO2 evolution in Florida slash pine plantations. II. Importance of root respiration. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 17:330-333.

Cropper, W.P., Jr., and K.C. Ewel. 1987. A regional carbon storage simulation for large-scale biomass plantations. Ecological Modelling 36:171-180.

Cropper, W.P., Jr., K.C. Ewel, and J.W. Raich. 1985. The measurement of soil CO2 evolution in situ. Pedobiologia 28:35-40.

Cropper, W.P., Jr., and K.C. Ewel. 1984. Carbon storage patterns in Douglas-fir ecosystems. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 14:855-859.

Gholz, H.L., K.C. Ewel, W.P. Cropper, Jr., and L.C. Hendry. 1984. Productivity above- and below-ground of plantations of slash pine (Pinus elliottii) in northern Florida, U.S.A. -- a preliminary synthesis. pp. 729-740 In D.C. Grey, A.P.G. Schonau, C.J. Schutz, and A. Van Laar (eds.). IUFRO symposium on site and productivity of fast-growing tree species. Pretoria and Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.

Golkin, K.R. and K.C. Ewel. 1984. A computer simulation of the carbon, phosphorus, and hydrologic cycles of a pine flatwoods ecosystem. Ecological Modelling 24:113-136.

Cropper, W.P., Jr., and K.C. Ewel. 1983. Computer simulation of carbon storage in Florida slash pine plantations. Forest Ecology and Management 6:101-114.

Wang, F.C., J. Richardson, K.C. Ewel, and E.T. Sullivan. 1981. Preliminary energy analysis of utilizing woody biomass for fuel. pp. 673-680 In W.J. Mitsch, R.W. Bosserman, and J.M. Klopatek (eds.). Energy and ecological modelling. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Ewel, K.C., S.J. Hood, and R.L. Myers. 1979. Simulation of dynamics of a managed slash-pine ecosystem on poorly drained soils. pp. 375-388 In: C.A. Hollis and A.E. Squillace (eds.). Proceedings of the Fifth North American Forest Biology Workshop. School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville FL. Also available as: IMPAC Report 3(6). University of Florida.

Lugo, A.E., J.F. Gamble, and K.C. Ewel. 1978. Organic matter budget in a mixed-hardwood forest in north-central Florida. pp. 790-800 In D.C. Adriano and I.L. Brisbin (eds.). Environmental chemistry and cycling processes. DOE Symposium Series 45 (CONF-760429).

Antonini, G.A., K.C. Ewel, and H.M. Tupper. 1975. Population and energy: A systems analysis of resource utilization in the Dominican Republic. University Presses of Florida, Gainesville FL. 166 p. & map suppl.

Ewel, K.C., J.F. Gamble, and A.E. Lugo. 1975. Aspects of mineral nutrient cycling in a mixed hardwoods forest in north-central Florida. pp. 700-714 In F.G. Howell, J.B. Gentry, and M.H. Smith (eds.). Mineral cycling in southeastern ecosystems. ERDA Symposium Series (CONF-740513).

Antonini, G.A., K.C. Ewel, and J.J. Ewel. 1974. Ecological modelling of a tropical watershed: A guide to regional planning. Chapter 3, p. 51-74: In B.S. Hoyle (ed.). Spatial aspects of development. John Wiley & Sons, London, Great Britain.

 

Models in education

Ewel, K.C. 1989. Learning to simulate ecological models on a microcomputer. Ecological Modelling 47:7-17.

Ewel, K.C. 1989. Simulation of Ecological Models. International Society of Ecological Modelling, Copenhagen, Denmark. (software package)

Ewel, K.C. 1987. Use of models in resource management. pp.6-9 In S.V. Kossuth and N.A. Pywell (eds.). Current topics in forest research: Emphasis on contributions by women scientists. USDA Forest Service GTR SE-46.

Vogel, S. and K.C. Ewel. 1972. A model menagerie. Thirteen laboratory exercises for introductory biology. Addison-Wesley Publ. Co., Boston, MA. 153 p.

My first publication:  Ewel, K.C. 1972. Patterns of change in the reproductive organs of the male pocket gopher (Geomys pinetis). Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 30:1-6.

 


 
For questions or comments, contact the webmaster, wdl@ufl.edu