Groundwater seepage and rainfall dominate the water budget of stillwater swamps. Most have saturated soils and may have standing water for more than half the year.
Plant species richness is lower in acidic stillwater swamps than in river swamps. A single species may dominate large areas of swamps with long hydroperiods, but vegetation along the edges of stillwater swamps is often more dense and diverse than in the deeper centers.
Click on the links below for introductions to Florida's stillwater swamps:
- Cypress Swamps
- Bay Swamps
- Swamp Hardwoods
- Fire in Stillwater Swamps
- Silviculture in Stillwater Swamps
- Return to Bottomland Forest Ecosystems